Rheological and Thermal Properties of Icy Materials
Source: Space Science Reviews, Volume 153, Numbers 1-4, June 2010 , pp. 273-298(26)
Abstract:Laboratory measurements of physical properties of planetary ices generate information for dynamical models of tectonically active icy bodies in the outer solar system. We review the methods for measuring both flow properties and thermal properties of icy planetary materials in the laboratory, and describe physical theories that are essential for intelligent extrapolation of data from laboratory to planetary conditions. This review is structured with a separate and independent section for each of the two sets of physical properties, rheological and thermal. The rheological behaviors of planetary ices are as diverse as the icy moons themselves. High-pressure water ice phases show respective viscosities that vary over four orders of magnitude. Ices of CO2, NH3, as well as clathrate hydrates of CH4 and other gases vary in viscosity by nearly ten orders of magnitude. Heat capacity and thermal conductivity of detected/inferred compositions in outer solar system bodies have been revised. Some low-temperature phases of minerals and condensates have a deviant thermal behavior related to paramount water ice. Hydrated salts have low values of thermal conductivity and an inverse dependence of conductivity on temperature, similar to clathrate hydrates or glassy solids. This striking behavior may suit the dynamics of icy satellites.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02127, USA, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Centro de Astrobiología-INTA-CSIC, Ctra. Ajalvir km. 4, 28850, Torrejón de Ardoz, Spain, Email: email@example.com 3: Brown University, Providence, RI, 02912, USA, Email: David_Goldsby@brown.edu 4: Department of Hydrology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: 2010-06-01