On the Slow Solar Wind
Authors: Fisk L.A.; Schwadron N.A.; Zurbuchen T.H.
Source: Space Science Reviews, Volume 86, Numbers 1-4, 1998 , pp. 51-60(10)
A theory for the origin of the slow solar wind is described. Recent papers have demonstrated that magnetic flux moves across coronal holes as a result of the interplay between the differential rotation of the photosphere and the non-radial expansion of the solar wind in more rigidly rotating coronal holes. This flux will be deposited at low latitudes and should reconnect with closed magnetic loops, thereby releasing material from the loops to form the slow solar wind. It is pointed out that this mechanism provides a natural explanation for the charge states of elements observed in the slow solar wind, and for the presence of the First-Ionization Potential, or FIP, effect in the slow wind and its absence in fast wind. Comments are also provided on the role that the ACE mission should have in understanding the slow solar wind.
Document Type: Regular paper
Publication date: 1998-01-01