The Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays in the Heliosphere: Theory and Models
Author: Potgieter, M.S.
Source: Space Science Reviews, Volume 83, Numbers 1-2, January 1998 , pp. 147-158(12)
Abstract:Almost all theoretical and numerical models for the modulation of cosmic ray in the heliosphere are based on Parker's transport equation which contains all the important basic physical processes. The relative importance of the various mechanisms is however not established and may vary significantly over 22 years. The simultaneous measurements of solar wind parameters, heliospheric magnetic field properties and cosmic rays over a wide range of energies and positions in the heliosphere have brought the realization that modulation is much more complicated than what the original drift models predicted. In the process the sophistication of models based on solving Parker's equation has increased by orders of magnitude. A short review of the global modulation of cosmic rays is given from a theoretical and modelling point of view.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Space Research Unit, Department of Physics, Potchefstroom University for CHE, 2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa
Publication date: January 1, 1998