Wiener optimal filtering of GRACE data

Authors: Sasgen, I.1; Martinec, Z.2; Fleming, K.

Source: Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, Volume 50, Number 4, October 2006 , pp. 499-508(10)

Publisher: Springer

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Abstract:

We present a spatial averaging method for Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) gravity-field solutions based on the Wiener optimal filtering.

The optimal filter is designed from the least-square minimization of the difference between the desired and filtered signals. It requires information about the power spectra of the desired gravitational signal and the contaminating noise, which is inferred from the average GRACE degree-power spectrum. We show that the signal decreases with increasing spherical harmonic degree j with approximately j−b, where b = 1.5 for GRACE data investigations. This is termed the Second Kaula rule of thumb for temporal variations of the Earth’s gravity field. The degree power of the noise increases, in the logarithmic scale, linearly with increasing j.

The Wiener optimal filter obtained for the signal model with b = 1.5 closely corresponds to a Gaussian filter with a spatial half width of 4° (∼440 km). We find that the filtered GRACE gravity signal is relatively insensitive to the exponent b of the signal model, which indicates the robustness of Wiener optimal filtering. This is demonstrated using the GFZ-GRACE gravity-field solution for April 2004.

Keywords: GRACE; Kaula-rule; filtering; gravity-field

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11200-006-0031-y

Affiliations: 1: Email: sasgen@gfz-potsdam.de 2: Email: zm@karel.troja.mff.cuni.cz

Publication date: October 1, 2006

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