Contribution of the relative velocity between source and receivers to electromagnetic fields in the sea
Author: Sampaio, E.
Source: Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, Volume 50, Number 1, January 2006 , pp. 89-104(16)
Abstract:The analysis of the primary electromagnetic fields caused by steady state or transient electric current flowing along a current loop moving with a constant velocity below the sea surface has several applications. It supports the analysis of submarine physical data and it is useful for protecting ships from the threat of sea mines. The usual approach to the solution for the primary field starts from a hertz vector potential in the frequency domain due to a magnetic dipole. Subsequently it employs Fourier, Laplace, and Hankel transforms to describe the time variation of the primary electromagnetic induced field due to a loop. The result is applicable to both shallow and deep sea water environments. Because of the difference in velocity between source and receiver, a careful application of the convolution integral is necessary in order to adapt the source pulse solution to any type of transmitting current waveform. Furthermore, since the scattered field represents a fraction of the primary field, even minor differences in it caused by the differential velocity renders inadequate interpretation of EMI data.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Email: email@example.com
Publication date: January 2006