Modeling of Wide-Angle Seismic Attributes Using the Gaussian Beam Method

Authors: Stacy, S.M.1; Nowack, R.L.2

Source: Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, Volume 46, Number 4, October 2002 , pp. 667-690(24)

Publisher: Springer

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Abstract:



In this study, observed seismic attributes from shot gather 11 of the SAREX experiment are used to derive a preliminary velocity and attenuation model for the northern end of the profile in southern Alberta. Shot gather 11 was selected because of its prominent Pn arrivals and good signal to noise ratio. The 2-D Gaussian beam method was used to perform the modeling of the seismic attributes including travel times, peak envelope amplitudes and pulse instantaneous frequencies for selected phases. The preliminary model was obtained from the seismic attributes from shot gather 11 starting from prior tomographic results. The amplitudes and instantaneous frequencies were used to constrain the velocity and attenuation structure, with the amplitudes being more sensitive to the velocity gradients and the instantaneous frequencies more sensitive to the attenuation structure. The resulting velocity model has a velocity discontinuity between the upper and lower crust, and lower velocity gradients in the upper and lower crust compared to earlier studies. The attenuation model has Qp-1 values between 0.011 and 0.004 in the upper crust, 0.0019 in the lower crust and a laterally variable Qp-1 in the upper mantle. The Qp-1 values are similar to those found in Archean terranes from other studies. Although the results from a single gather are non-unique, the initial model derived here provides a self-consistent starting point for a more complete seismic attribute inversion for the velocity and attenuation structure.

Keywords: refraction seismology; seismic attributes

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Malcolm Pirnie, Inc., 4646 E. Van Buren St., Suite 400, Phoenix, AZ 85008-6945, USA sstacy@pirnie.com 2: Purdue University, Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, 1397 Civil Eng. Bldg., W. Lafayette, IN 47907, USA nowack@purdue.edu

Publication date: October 1, 2002

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