A Critical Evaluation of Tm(FTIR) Measurements of High-Concentration IgG1 Antibody Formulations as a Formulation Development Tool

Authors: Matheus, Susanne; Mahler, Hanns-Christian; Friess, Wolfgang

Source: Pharmaceutical Research, Volume 23, Number 7, July 2006 , pp. 1617-1627(11)

Publisher: Springer

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Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was applied for the determination of protein melting temperature (Tm(FTIR)) and to assess the stability predictability of a 100-mg/mL liquid IgG1 antibody formulation.

Tm(FTIR) values of various formulations (different pH, buffers, excipients) were compared to the results of a stability study under accelerated conditions (40°C/75% relative humidity), using size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography (SE-HPLC) and sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) for the detection of soluble aggregates and covalent modifications.

The highest Tm(FTIR) was achieved at pH 5.5, and, similarly, SE-HPLC and SDS-PAGE results suggested a pH optimum between 5.5 and 6.0. Transition temperatures were comparable for all tested buffers. However, the decrease in the monomer fraction upon thermal storage was the lowest for citrate buffers. Whereas sugars and polyols resulted in an increase in Tm(FTIR) and enhanced monomer fraction after storage, amino acids showed a destabilization according to SE-HPLC analysis, albeit no change or even an increase in the melting temperature was observed.

All examples gave evidence that Tm(FTIR) values did not necessarily correspond to the storage stability at 40°C analyzed by means of SE-HPLC and SDS-PAGE. Tm values, e.g., determined by FTIR, should only be employed as supportive information to the results from both real-time and accelerated stability studies.

Keywords: FTIR; formulation development; highly concentrated antibody formulations; melting temperature; protein

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11095-006-0283-9

Affiliations: Email: wolfgang.friess@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

Publication date: July 1, 2006

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