Rhabdomyolysis after Bariatric Surgery
Authors: de Freitas Carvalho, Décio; Valezi, Antonio; de Brito, Edvaldo; de Souza, José; Masson, Antonio; Matsuo, Tiemi
Source: Obesity Surgery, Volume 16, Number 6, June 2006 , pp. 740-744(5)
Abstract:Background: Rhabdomyolysis is a potential threat after bariatric surgey. The severity ranges from asymptomatic elevations of serum muscle enzyme levels to life-threatening cases associated with muscle necrosis, compartment syndrome, acute renal failure and cardiac arrest. Methods: We studied 98 consecutive obese patients who underwent primary uncomplicated bariatric surgery during a 1-year period. A database was created for all patients (sex, age, BMI, duration of the operation); serum creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) was systematically measured before surgery and on the first and second postoperative day. Results: The study sample consisted of 35 males (35.7%) and 63 females (64.3%) with preoperative CPK level 156.6 ± 41.1 U/L (40 to 220), 24 hours postoperatively 1,075.2 ± 596.5 U/L, (85 to 2,790 U/L) and 48 hours postoperatively 967.3 ± 545.3 U/L (79 to 2,630). There was no difference in mean BMI (P=0.1) and mean duration of operation (P=0.5) between males and females. However, a statistically significant difference in mean elevation of CPK between males and females (P=0.003) was found. The variables sex, age, weight and duration of surgery were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression, but did not show a statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially fatal complication of surgical procedures in obese patients, and can be minimized with simple measures such as additional padding, aggressive hydration and urine alkalinization. Diagnosis requires a high level of physician awareness.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2006-06-01