Endoscopic and Histologic Findings in the Gastric Pouch and the Roux Limb after Gastric Bypass
Authors: Csendes, Attila; Smok, Gladys; Burgos, Ana
Source: Obesity Surgery, Volume 16, Number 3, March 2006 , pp. 279-283(5)
Abstract:Background: Despite the large number of gastric bypasses performed for morbid obesity, very little is known about the endoscopic and histologic aspects of the gastric pouch and the Roux-limb late after surgery. We performed prospective routine endoscopic and histologic studies of the pouch and Roux-limb 2 years after gastric bypass. Methods: The present study includes 227 patients submitted to resectional gastric bypass and followed for a mean of 27 months after surgery. Mean BMI before bypass was 44 kg/m2. In all patients, upper endoscopy of the pouch and of the jejunal limb was performed, taking 3 biopsy samples of the gastric pouch in 171 patients and 2 samples of the jejunum in 40 patients. Results: Macroscopic appearance of the gastric pouch was normal in 99% of the patients and of the jejunal limb in 100%. Histologic analysis revealed normal fundic mucosa in 56%. Chronic active gastritis was the most frequent abnormal histologic finding. 7 patients (4.1%) showed intestinal metaplasia. H. pylori infection was present in the gastric pouch in 31% of the patients. Conclusions: The proximal gastric pouch after gastric bypass is endoscopically normal in 99% of patients 2 years after surgery, while the Roux-limb is normal in 100%. Histologic analysis of gastric mucosa revealed normal fundic mucosa in 56%. There are some chronic histologic changes, even intestinal metaplasia, whose behavior at late follow-up is not yet known. H. pylori is present in nearly 1/3 of the patients.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 2006