Using differential SAR interferometry to map land subsidence: a case study in the Pingtung Plain of SW Taiwan

Authors: Hsieh, Chia-Sheng1; Shih, Tian-Yuan2; Hu, Jyr-Ching3; Tung, Hsin3; Huang, Mong-Han4; Angelier, Jacques5

Source: Natural Hazards, Volume 58, Number 3, September 2011 , pp. 1311-1332(22)

Publisher: Springer

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Abstract:

Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry (InSAR) is a geodetic tool widely applied in the studies of earth-surface deformation. This technique has the benefits of high spatial resolution and centimetre-scale accuracy. Differential SAR interferometry (DInSAR) is used to measure ground deformation with repeat-pass SAR images. This study applied DInSAR and persistent scatterers InSAR (PSInSAR) for detecting land subsidence in the Pingtung Plain, southern Taiwan, between 1995 and 2000. In recent years, serious land subsidence occurred along coastal regions of Taiwan as a consequence of over-pumping of underground water. Results of this study revealed that the critical subsidence region is located on the coast near the estuary of Linpien River. It is also found that subsidence was significantly higher during the dry season than the wet season. The maximum annual subsidence rate of the dry season is up to −11.51 cm/year in critical subsidence region and the vertical land movement rate is much slower during the wet season. The average subsidence rates in wet and dry seasons are −0.31 and −3.37 cm/year, respectively. As a result, the subsidence rate in dry seasons is about 3 cm larger than in wet seasons.

Keywords: DInSAR; Land subsidence; PSInSAR; Pingtung Plain; SAR inteferometry

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11069-011-9734-7

Affiliations: 1: Department of Civil Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 2: Department of Civil Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, Email: tyshih@mail.nctu.edu.tw 3: Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 4: Berkeley Seismological Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA 5: Observatoire Océanologique de Villefranche, Géosciences Azur, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France

Publication date: September 1, 2011

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