The Azores archipelago, Portugal: improved understanding of small island coastal hazards and mitigation measures
Source: Natural Hazards, Volume 58, Number 1, July 2011 , pp. 427-444(18)
Abstract:Coastal zones are vital to small islands due to limited land availability and ocean exposure. Their significance and resident dependence result in a need to address unique small island coastal zone concerns. Recent population concentrations and increased economic activity along with accompanying lucrative coastal development are posing significant threats to human and natural system well-being. Potential environmental hazards therefore play an important role in coastal vulnerability and risk assessment, and it is only by understanding causes and consequences that policy makers, along with scientists and the public, can establish appropriate mitigation measures. This paper addresses the lack of specific small island studies, including their unique circumstances. Coastal hazards are assessed and effective mitigation strategies suggested. A case study of the Azores archipelago highlights specific coastal hazards and demonstrates the importance of public participation when implementing mitigation measures. Furthermore, the inclusion of an external neutral and unbiased coastal management expert within the public participation process facilitated successful development of Azorean Coastal Zone Management Plans.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: CIBO—Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetics Resources, Department of Biology/Geography Section, University of Azores, Rua da Mãe de Deus, 9500-855, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, Email: email@example.com 2: Department of Geosciences, University of the Azores, Rua da Mãe de Deus, 9501-801, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 3: School of Natural and Built Environment, Swansea Metropolitan University, Mount Pleasant, Swansea, SA1 6ED, UK, Email: email@example.com 4: CIBO—Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetics Resources, Department of Biology/Geography Section, University of Azores, Rua da Mãe de Deus, 9500-855, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 5: CESAM—Research Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, Department of Environment and Planning, University of Aveiro, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal, Email: email@example.com
Publication date: 2011-07-01