Hydrogeological Changes Related to the Umbria–Marche Earthquake of 26 September 1997 (Central Italy)

Authors: Carro, Monica1; Amicis, Mattia2; Luzi, Lucia3

Source: Natural Hazards, Volume 34, Number 3, March 2005 , pp. 315-339(25)

Publisher: Springer

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Evidences of variations of the hydrologic regime have been observed after the Umbria–Marche seismic sequence, started on September 26th 1997, at the boundary between Umbria and Marche regions, central Italy. In order to quantify the hydrological variations, several data regarding groundwater level, spring discharge and river flow rates, have been collected from local authorities and mineral water companies. They allowed to confine the area affected by anomalies and to quantify the hydrological variations by a comparison with the average yearly regime, estimated from the data referring to previous years. An attempt to identify precursor phenomena has also been carried out. The results of the analysis sustain the close connection of two water reservoirs, the Umbria–Marche ridge and the Valnerina unit, that have both been affected by changes of the hydrologic regime. Two of the river gauge stations registered anomalies several months before the crisis started, acting as earthquake precursors.

Keywords: Marche; Umbria; earthquake; hydrological changes

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11069-004-2074-0

Affiliations: 1: via Ugo Foscolo, 21016, Luino (VA), Italy, Email: monica.carro@libero.it 2: Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Ambiente e del Territorio, Universit√† degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, P.za della Scienza 1, 20126, Milano, Italy, Email: mattia.deamicis@unimib.it 3: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Milano, via Bassini 15, 20133, Milano, Italy, Email: lucia.luzi@mi.ingv.it

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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