Bayesian Techniques for Seismic Hazard Assessment Using Imprecise Data
Source: Natural Hazards, Volume 14, Numbers 2-3, 1996 , pp. 91-112(22)
Abstract:Some Bayesian methods of dealing with inaccurate or vague data are introduced in the framework of seismic hazard assessment. Inaccurate data affected by heterogeneous errors are modeled by a probability distribution instead of the usual value plus a random error representation; these data are generically called imprecise. The earthquake size and the number of events in a certain time are modeled as imprecise data. Imprecise data allow us to introduce into the estimation procedures the uncertainty inherent in the inaccuracy and heterogeneity of the measuring systems from which the data were obtained. The problem of estimating the parameter of a Poisson process is shown to be feasible by the use of Bayesian techniques and imprecise data. This background technique can be applied to a general problem of seismic hazard estimation. Initially, data in a regional earthquake catalog are assumed imprecise both in size and location (i.e errors in the epicenter or spreading over a given source). By means of scattered attenuation laws, the regional catalog can be translated into a so-called site catalog of imprecise events. The site catalog is then used to estimate return periods or occurrence probabilities, taking into account all sources of uncertainty. Special attention is paid to `priors' in the Bayesian estimation. They can be used to introduce additional information as well as scattered frequency-size laws for local events. A simple example is presented to illustrate the capabilities of this methodology.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Dep. Matemática Aplicada III, U. Politécnica de Cataluña, Gran Capitán s/n, E-08034 Barcelona, Spain 2: Institute of Geophysics, Swiss Seismological Service, ETH-Hönggerberg, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland
Publication date: January 1, 1996