Site preparation of abandoned fields and early establishment of planted small-sized seedlings of silver birch
Author: Karlsson, A.
Source: New Forests, Volume 23, Number 2, March 2002 , pp. 159-175(17)
Abstract:Field experiments at two sites in Sweden investigated the possibility of establishing silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) on abandoned fields by planting small (5–10 cm tall) seedlings. The effects of five modes of soil preparation (no preparation, rotary cultivation, deep ploughing, soil inversion, and removal of topsoil) with or without preliminary herbicide weed control on seedling performance were studied for three growing seasons following plantation. Both a split-plot design and a randomized block design were used to evaluate the experiments. Where there was no site preparation, seedling survival was close to nil. The highest seedling survival rates on the site with sandy soil were obtained on sites prepared by removing topsoil, or by transposing it by deep ploughing. On the site with silty soil, the best survival was observed on sites created by soil inversion or rotary cultivation. The tallest seedlings were found on sites with topsoil retained within the soil profile. Herbicide application with glyphosate promoted seedling survival and seedling height in combination with no soil preparation, but was of little effect when followed by mechanical soil preparation.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Silviculture, SE-901 83 UMEÅ, Sweden
Publication date: 2002-03-01