Carbon mitigation potential and costs of forestry options in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, the Philippines and Tanzania
Authors: Sathaye, J.A.1; Makundi, W.R.2; Andrasko, K.3; Boer, R.4; Ravindranath, N.H.5; Sudha, P.5; Rao, S.6; Lasco, R.7; Pulhin, F.7; Masera, O.8; Ceron, A.8; Ordonez, J.8; Deying, X.9; Zhang, X.9; Zuomin, S.9
Source: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Volume 6, Numbers 3-4, 2001 , pp. 185-211(27)
Abstract:This paper summarizes studies of carbon (C) mitigation potential and costs of about 40 forestry options in seven developing countries. Each study uses the same methodological approach – Comprehensive Mitigation Assessment Process (COMAP) – to estimate the above parameters between 2000 and 2030. The approach requires the projection of baseline and mitigation land-use scenarios. Coupled with data on a per ha basis on C sequestration or avoidance, and costs and benefits, it allows the estimation of monetary benefit per Mg C, and the total costs and carbon potential. The results show that about half (3.0 Pg C) the cumulative mitigation potential of 6.2 Petagram (Pg) C between 2000 and 2030 in the seven countries (about 200× 10^6 Mg C yr^-1) could be achieved at a negative cost and the remainder at costs ranging up to $100 Mg C^-1. About 5 Pg C could be achieved, at a cost less than $20 per Mg C. Negative cost potential indicates that non-carbon revenue is sufficient to offset direct costs of these options. The achievable potential is likely to be smaller, however, due to market, institutional, and sociocultural barriers that can delay or prevent the implementation of the analyzed options.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Energy Analysis Department, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Energy Analysis Department, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA 3: Office of Atmospheric Programs, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C. 20460, USA 4: Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia 5: Center for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India 6: Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India 7: College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines, Los Banos, Philippines 8: Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Campus Morelia, Patzcuaro, Mexico 9: Forest Ecology and Environment Institute, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, China
Publication date: 2001-01-01