Meaning, Dispositions and Normativity
Author: Toribio, J.
Source: Minds and Machines, Volume 9, Number 3, August 1999 , pp. 399-413(15)
Abstract:In a recent paper, Paul Coates defends a sophisticated dispositional account which allegedly resolves the sceptical paradox developed by Kripke in his monograph on Wittgenstein's treatment of following a rule (Kripke, 1982). Coates' account appeals to a notion of `homeostasis', unpacked as a subject's second-order disposition to maintain a consistent pattern of extended first-order dispositions regarding her linguistic behavior. This kind of account, Coates contends, provides a naturalistic model for the normativity of intentional properties and thus resolves Kripke's sceptical paradox.
In this paper I argue that Coates' second-order dispositional account cannot solve the sceptic's problems regarding meaning and normativity. My main contention is that in order for second-order dispositions to be able to effectively regulate the coordinated responses constitutive of first-order dispositions, those first order dispositions must be independently identifiable. Yet that's precisely what Kripke's sceptical argument calls into question. I shall also argue, in a more positive fashion, that Coates' own appeal to practical breakdowns may suggest a different – and more effective – response to the sceptic's concern.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Department of Phibsophy, Washington University in St. Louis, Campus Box 1073, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, 63130, U.S.A. (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Publication date: August 1, 1999