SORTAN: An Analytical Method to Determine Fault Slip as Induced by Stress
Source: Mathematical Geology, Volume 35, Number 5, 200307 , pp. 627-642(16)
Abstract:We propose an analytical method, namely the SORTAN method, to determine the sense of slip on faults as induced by stresses. This method is useful to infer the sense of motion along faults whose surface cannot be directly accessed, such as faults imaged in the subsurface. Because the SORTAN method is based on the Wallace–Bott hypothesis, we assume that the shear stress vector applied to a given fault is parallel to the slip vector on this fault. The assumptions allow for simplification of the method that in turn implies very short calculation times. A concise formalism is adopted. We introduce the stress ratio Φ ' that accounts for (1) the type of stress regime (i.e., strike-slip, reverse or normal) and (2) the degree of anisotropy of the stress state. The formalism of the SORTAN method permits an easy exploration and imaging of the complete collection of slip motions that may theoretically occur on fault planes. The input parameters are the fault plane orientation, the type and anisotropy of the stress regime, and the azimuth of the horizontal stress axes.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Laboratoire de Tectonophysique, UPMC, bte 129, 4 pl. Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cédex 05, France. Faculty of Earth Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, De Bolelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands;, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Laboratoire de Tectonophysique, UPMC, bte 129, 4 pl. Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cédex 05, France
Publication date: January 1, 2003