Statistical Properties of Ideal Rock Textures: Relationship Between Crystal Size Distribution and Spatial Correlation of Minerals
Author: Morishita, R.
Source: Mathematical Geology, Volume 30, Number 4, May 1998 , pp. 409-434(26)
The concept of an ideal rock texture, in which crystals are distributed randomly in space, is proposed for use in general analysis of rock textures. The spatial correlation function for the ideal rock texture was examined and the function, a specific kind of spatial correlation function, is related to crystal size distribution and to some extent to crystal boundaries. The function is unity at distance zero, and monotonically decreases with increasing distance for the ideal texture. This behavior of the function is observed for any size distribution. In an ideal texture, the function is directly related to crystal size distribution and crystal shape. It is important in stereology because the crystal size distribution in three dimensions may be deduced from analyzing a function that is obtained from analyzing two-dimensional section images. Crystal shape is also related to the function. If crystals are concave in shape, or have inclusions of other phases, the function may show a hump or plateau when plotted against distance. However, the crystal shape effect cannot produce values smaller than zero. If values become negative, the texture is no longer considered ideal. The ideal textures for two model size distributions—step and delta functions—are considered. The rate of decrease of values is more strongly dependent on size distribution than on system dimension.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto 860, Japan. email@example.com
Publication date: May 1998