Erroneous interpretation of historical documents related to the epicenter of the 1927 Jericho earthquake in the Holy Land
Source: Journal of Seismology, Volume 6, Number 4, October 2002 , pp. 469-476(8)
The 1927 earthquake was the strongest seismic event (M = 6.2) of the 20th century in the Holy Land and the first significant one in the region to be recorded worldwide by seismometers. By quoting the seismological station in Ksara, the ISS located the epicenter 40 km north of the Dead Sea. This location, which was supported by secondary and tertiary macroseismic `evidence' and became one of the most accepted `facts', was never questioned nor reevaluated. We show how an initial mistaken earthquake location, supported by questionable evidence, struck roots and eventually became an accepted fact. This typical `chain of errors' may serve as a warning regarding treatment of historical macroseismic sources, as well as historical microseismic documents. The conclusions drawn from this study, while focusing on historical documentation, fit well the new epicenter of the 1927 earthquake, recalculated in our former study.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel 2: Seismological Division, The Geophysical Institute of Israel, Lod, Israel 3: Department of Geophysics ,Stanford University, Stanford, CA, U.S.A.
Publication date: 2002-10-01