Verification and refinement of spectral magnitude calibrating functions for P-waves
Source: Journal of Seismology, Volume 2, Number 2, June 1998 , pp. 117-124(8)
Abstract:Calibrating functions for determination of P-wave spectral magnitudes calculated by Duda and Yanovskaya (1994) on the basis of the IASP91 velocity model and the PREM Q-model are verified empirically. For this purpose IRIS broadband records for 120 earthquakes are used, each earthquake having been recorded at about 100 stations. The discrepancies indicate that anelastic absorption assumed in PREM is too high. New calibrating functions are calculated on the basis of the AK135 velocity and anelasticity models (Kennet et al., 1995; Montagner and Kennet, 1996), in which Q in the mantle is higher than in PREM. The verification of the new calibrating functions based on the same observations yields magnitude figures less depending on the epicentral distance. In addition the parameter τ_2in the Liu-Anderson Q(T) model is estimated, proceeding from the assumption that on the average the radiated spectra comply with the ω^2-model. The value of τ_2 was assumed to be 0.1 s in the analysis and its use resulted in the verification of the ω^2-model for the source spectrum.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Institute of Physics, St. Petersburg University, Petrodvoretz, Sankt-Petersburg 198904, Russia 2: Institut fÜr Geophysik, Universität Hamburg, Bundesstrasse 55, 2000 Hamburg 13, Germany
Publication date: June 1998