Differential Interactions Between an Aphid Endohyperparasitoid and Three Honeydew-Collecting Ant Species: A Field Study of Alloxysta brevis (Thomson) (Hymenoptera: Alloxystidae)
Author: Hübner, G.
Source: Journal of Insect Behavior, Volume 13, Number 5, September 2000 , pp. 771-784(14)
Abstract:The behavioral interactions between the chemically protected aphid hyperparasitoid Alloxysta brevis and three trophobiotic ant species were examined in the field on thistles. The patterns were not essentially influenced by hyperparasitoid sex. Ants differed in their guarding behavior of aphids and their response toward A. brevis. Lasius niger attacked the hyperparasitoid more readily than Myrmica laevinodis, while aggression by Formica rufa was intermediate. Apart from applying chemical defense, A. brevis responded to ants by flying away (mainly at L. niger) or with avoidance behavior (mainly at M. laevinodis). Additionally, females might switch their tactics from flight to defense with increasing age. Females left the plant more often after encounters with L. niger or F. rufa than with M. laevinodis. Disturbance by any ant species affected the foraging activities, reducing oviposition success to nearly zero.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Department of Animal Ecology II, Universität Bayreuth, P.O. Box 10 1251, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: September 1, 2000