Monte Carlo Modeling of VLWIR HgCdTe Interdigitated Pixel Response

Authors: D’Souza, A.1; Stapelbroek, M.2; Wijewarnasuriya, P.3

Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 39, Number 7, July 2010 , pp. 986-991(6)

Publisher: Springer

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Increasing very long-wave infrared (VLWIR, c ≍ 15 m) pixel operability was approached by subdividing each pixel into four interdigitated subpixels. High response is maintained across the pixel, even if one or two interdigitated subpixels are deselected (turned off), because interdigitation provides that the preponderance of minority carriers photogenerated in the pixel are collected by the selected subpixels. Monte Carlo modeling of the photoresponse of the interdigitated subpixel simulates minority-carrier diffusion from carrier creation to recombination. Each carrier generated at an appropriately weighted random location is assigned an exponentially distributed random lifetime i, where 〈 i〉 is the bulk minority-carrier lifetime. The minority carrier is allowed to diffuse for a short time d, and the fate of the carrier is decided from its present position and the boundary conditions, i.e., whether the carrier is absorbed in a junction, recombined at a surface, reflected from a surface, or recombined in the bulk because it lived for its designated lifetime. If nothing happens, the process is then repeated until one of the boundary conditions is attained. The next step is to go on to the next carrier and repeat the procedure for all the launches of minority carriers. For each minority carrier launched, the original location and boundary condition at fatality are recorded. An example of the results from Monte Carlo modeling is that, for a 20-m diffusion length, the calculated quantum efficiency (QE) changed from 85% with no subpixels deselected, to 78% with one subpixel deselected, 67% with two subpixels deselected, and 48% with three subpixels deselected. Demonstration of the interdigitated pixel concept and verification of the Monte Carlo modeling utilized c(60 K) ≍ 15 m HgCdTe pixels in a 96 × 96 array format. The measured collection efficiency for one, two, and three subelements selected, divided by the collection efficiency for all four subelements selected, matched that calculated using Monte Carlo modeling.

Keywords: Monte Carlo modeling; VLWIR HgCdTe; interdigitated pixel

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: California Division, DRS Technologies, 10600 Valley View Street, Cypress, CA, 90630, USA, Email: arvind.d' 2: California Division, DRS Technologies, 10600 Valley View Street, Cypress, CA, 90630, USA 3: U.S. Army Research Laboratory, 2800 Powder Mill Road, Adelphi, MD, 20783, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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