Investigation of Artificial Forced Cooling in the Bridgman Crystal Growth of Cadmium Zinc Telluride
Authors: Liu, Juncheng; Li, Jiao; Zhang, Guodong; Li, Changxing; Lennon, Craig; Sivananthan, Siva
Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 36, Number 8, August 2007 , pp. 971-980(10)
Abstract:The effects of artificial forced cooling on the solid–liquid interface and on solute segregation were investigated by modeling the vertical Bridgman method for the single-crystal growth of CdZnTe, taking into consideration effects such as increasing the axial outward heat flux from the crucible bottom, the radial outward heat flux from the crucible wall, and the carbon film thickness on the crucible inner wall. Axial artificially forced cooling noticeably increases convection and the temperature gradient in the melt next to the solid–liquid interface, and substantially reduces interface concavity at the initial solidification stage. Interface concavity increases a little when the solidification proceeds further, however. Axial artificially forced cooling reduces radial solute segregation of the initial segment of the grown crystal and slightly increases the solute iso-concentration segment. Radial artificially forced cooling enhances melt convection substantially, affects solid–liquid interface concavity only slightly, and hardly affects solute segregation in the grown crystal. Doubling the carbon film thickness weakens convection of the melt in front of the interface, substantially increases interface concavity, and hardly affects solute segregation in the grown crystal.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Email: email@example.com
Publication date: August 1, 2007