Investigation of 1/f Noise Mechanisms in Midwave Infrared HgCdTe Gated Photodiodes
Authors: Westerhout, R.J.; Musca, C.A.; Antoszewski, J.; Dell, J.M.; Faraone, L.
Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 36, Number 8, August 2007 , pp. 884-889(6)
Abstract:In this work, gated midwave infrared (MWIR) Hg1-x Cd x Te photodiodes are used to investigate the physical origin of 1/f noise generation. Gated photodiodes were fabricated on liquid-phase epitaxy p-type HgCdTe MWIR material with a vacancy-doped concentration of 1.6 × 1016 cm−3 and x = 0.31. CdTe was thermally deposited and used as both a passivant and a mask for the plasma-based type conversion, and ZnS was used as an insulator. Fabricated devices show a R 0 A of 1-5 × 104 Ωcm2 with zero gate bias. Application of 2 V to the gate improves the R 0 A by more than two orders of magnitude to 6.0 × 106 Ωcm2, which corresponds to the p-type surface being at transition between depletion and weak inversion. Trap-assisted tunneling (TAT) current was observed at negative gate biases and reverse junction biases. For gate biases greater than 3 V, a field-induced junction breakdown was observed. An I n = α I β f −0.5 trend was observed above 200 pA reverse bias dark current, with α = 3.5 × 10−5 and β = 0.82, which corresponds to the TAT dominated region. Below 200 pA, junction generation-recombination (GR) current starts to dominate and this previously mentioned trend is no longer observed. Junction GR current was not seen to be correlated with 1/f noise in these photodiodes.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2007-08-01