Influence of Growth Temperature and Growth Rate of p-GaN Layers on the Characteristics of Green Light Emitting Diodes
Authors: Lee, Wonseok; Limb, Jae; Ryou, Jae-Hyun; Yoo, Dongwon; Chung, Theodore; Dupuis, Russell D.
Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 35, Number 4, April 2006 , pp. 587-591(5)
Abstract:We investigated the electrical and structural qualities of Mg-doped p-type GaN layers grown under different growth conditions by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). Lower 300 K free-hole concentrations and rough surfaces were observed by reducing the growth temperature from 1,040°C to 930°C. The hole concentration, mobility, and electrical resistivity were improved slightly for Mg-doped GaN layers grown at 930°C with a lower growth rate, and also an improved surface morphology was observed. In0.25Ga0.75 N/GaN multiple-quantum-well light emitting diodes (LEDs) with p-GaN layers grown under different conditions were also studied. It was found from photoluminescence studies that the optical and structural properties of the multiple quantum wells in the LED structure were improved by reducing the growth temperature of the p-layer due to a reduced detrimental thermal annealing effect of the active region during the GaN:Mg p-layer growth. No significant difference in the photoluminescence intensity depending on the growth time of the p-GaN layer was observed. However, it was also found that the electroluminescence (EL) intensity was higher for LEDs having p-GaN layers with a lower growth rate. Further improvement of the p-GaN layer crystalline and structural quality may be required for the optimization of the EL properties of long-wavelength (∼540 nm) green LEDs.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2006-04-01