Burnout of the Organic Vehicle in an Electrically Conductive Thick-Film Paste
Authors: Liu, Zongrong; Chung, D.D.L.
Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 33, Number 11, November 2004 , pp. 1316-1325(10)
Abstract:The burnout of the organic vehicle in a silver-particle, glass-free, electrically conductive, thick-film paste during firing in air was studied. For a vehicle consisting of ethyl cellulose dissolved in ether, burnout primarily involves the thermal decomposition of ethyl cellulose. The presence of ether with dissolved ethyl cellulose facilitates the burnout of ethyl cellulose. Excessive ethyl cellulose hinders the burnout. A high heating rate results in more residue after burnout. By interrupting the heating at 160°C for 15 min, the residue after subsequent burnout is diminished probably because of reduced temporal overlap of the processes of organic burnout and silver particle necking. By interrupting the heating at either 300°C or 385°C for 30 min, the temperature required for complete burnout is reduced. The addition of silver particles facilitates drying at room temperature and burnout upon heating.
Document Type: Regular paper
Publication date: 2004-11-01