Effects of phosphorus content on the reaction of electroless Ni-P with Sn and crystallization of Ni-P
Authors: Sohn, Y.; Yu, Jin; Kang, S.; Shih, D.; Choi, W.
Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 33, Number 7, July 2004 , pp. 790-795(6)
Abstract:The reaction between electroless Ni-P and Sn and the crystallization behavior of Ni-P were investigated to better understand the effect of P content on the Ni-P layer. Electroless Ni-P specimens with three different P contents, 4.6 wt.%, 9 wt.%, and 13 wt.%, were used to study the effect of the P content and the microstructure of Ni-P on the subsequent crystallization and intermetallic compound (IMC) formation during the reaction between Ni-P and electroplated Sn. Ni3Sn4 was the major phase formed in all samples heated up to 300°C, which totally transformed into Ni3Sn2 when samples were heated up to 450°C and the Sn layer was 0.5-µm thick. The IMC formed on the nanocrystalline Ni-P showed stronger texture compared to that formed on the amorphous Ni-P. Both the IMC thickness and density decreased with P content in the Ni-P layer, and Ni3Sn4 morphologies varied with P content. Dissolution of Ni into Sn increased with P content, which made IMC size in the bulk Sn increase with P content.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: July 2004