Behavior of p-type dopants in HgCdTe
Authors: Berding, M.; Sher, A.; Schilfgaarde, M.
Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 26, Number 6, June 1997 , pp. 625-628(4)
Abstract:Obtaining high concentrations of active p-type dopants in HgCdTe is an issue of much current interest. We discuss the results of our calculations on column IB and VA dopants. The full-potential linear muffin-tin orbital method, based on the local density approximation is used to calculate electronic total energies and localized levels in the band gap. Free energies are predicted and incorporated into a thermodynamical model to calculate impurity and native defect concentrations as a function of temperature, stoichiometry, and total impurity density. Copper, silver, and gold are found to be incorporated nearly exclusively on the metal sublattice and to be 100% active for all near-equilibrium growth and processing conditions. The density of interstitial copper is high enough to impact copper diffusion. In contrast, significant concentrations of phosphorus, arsenic, and antimony are found on the metal sublattice where they behave as n-type dopants, accounting for highly compensated, or even n-type material, depending on the equilibration temperature and equivalent mercury partial pressure.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1997-06-01