Defect state assisted tunneling in intermediate temperature molecular beam epitaxy grown GaAs
Authors: Youtz, A.; Nabet, B.; Castro, F.
Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 26, Number 4, April 1997 , pp. 372-375(4)
Abstract:Current transport in molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) GaAs grown at low and intermediate growth temperatures is strongly affected by defects. A model is developed here that shows that tunneling assisted by defect states can dominate, at some bias ranges, current transport in Schottky contacts to unannealed GaAs material grown at the intermediate temperature range of about 400°C. The deep defect states are modeled by quantum wells which trap electrons emitted from the cathode before re-emission to semiconductor. Comparison of theory with experimental data shows defect states of energies about 0.5 eVbelow conduction band to provide the best fit to data. This suggests that arsenic interstitials are likely to mediate this conduction. Comparison is also made between as-grown material and GaAs grown at the same temperature but annealed at 600°C. It is suggested that reduction of these defects by thermal annealing can explain lower current conduction at high biases in the annealed device as well as higher current conduction at low biases due to higher lifetime. Quenching of current by light in the as-grown material can also be explained based on occupancy of trap states. Identification of this mechanism can lead to its utilization in making ohmic contacts, or its elimination by growing tunneling barrier layers.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 1997