Growth and characterization of GaN thin films on SiC SOI substrates
Authors: Steckl, A.; Deveajan, J.; Tran, C.; Stall, R.
Source: Journal of Electronic Materials, Volume 26, Number 3, March 1997 , pp. 217-223(7)
Abstract:SiC semiconductor-on-insulator (SOI) structures have been investigated as substrates for the growth of GaN films. The SiC SOI was obtained through the conversion of Si SOI wafers by reaction with propane and H2. (111) SiC SOI have been produced by this carbonization process at temperatures ranging from 1200 to 1300°C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) are used to chart the conversion of the Si layer to SiC. Under our conditions, growth time of 3 min at 1250°C is sufficient to completely convert a 1000Å layer. XRD of the SiC SOI reveals a single SiC peak at 2 = 35.7° corresponding to the (111) reflection, with a corrected full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of ~590±90 arc-sec. Infrared spectroscopy of SiC SOI structures obtained under optimum carboniza-tion conditions exhibited a sharp absorption peak produced by the Si-C bond at 795 cm−1, with FWHM of ∼ 20–25 cm−1. Metalorganic CVD growth of GaN on the (111) SiC SOI was carried out with trimethylgallium and NH3. The growth of a thin (≤200Å), low temperature (500°C) GaN buffer layer was followed by the growth of a thick (∼2 µm) layer at 1050°C. Optimum surface morphology was obtained for zero buffer layer. XRD indicates highly oriented hexagonal GaN, with FWHM of the (0002) peak of ~360±90 arc-sec. Under high power excitation, the 300°K photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of GaN films exhibits a strong near band-edge peak (at p~371 nm, with FWHM = 100–150 meV) and very weak yellow emission. Under low power excitation, the 370 nm PL emission from the GaN/SiC SOI structure increases rapidly with SiC carbonization temperature, while the yellow band (∼550–620 nm) correspondingly decreases.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 1997