Managing North Sea Pollution Effectively: Linking International and Domestic Institutions

Author: Skjærseth, J.B.

Source: International Environmental Agreements, Volume 3, Number 2, 2003 , pp. 167-190(24)

Publisher: Springer

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Most pollution problems arise as by-products of domestic activity. The effectiveness of international environmental regimes thus depends on the operations of domestic political and administrative institutions. However, the study of regime effectiveness tends to overlook the operation of domestic institutions as well as the interests and preferences of sub-national non-state actors. In this article, a framework for combining the study of regime effectiveness with domestic institutions and actors is initially presented. The merits of this framework within the context of the North Sea regime is then explored. The article concludes that the effectiveness of this regime depends on the operation of both international and domestic institutions. Of particular importance are those sub-national actors actually causing the problem in the first place as well as domestic institutions influencing the behaviour of target groups.

Keywords: North Sea; domestic institutions; environmental policy; implementation; international environmental cooperation; marine pollution; regime effectiveness

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway (E-mail:

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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