Social Class Differences and Occupational Stress

Authors: Fotinatos-Ventouratos, R.1; Cooper, C.L.2

Source: International Journal of Stress Management, Volume 05, Number 4, October 1998 , pp. 211-222(12)

Publisher: Springer

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Abstract:



This paper examines the findings of a large community-wide survey on occupational stress. Data were collected on a random sample of the general population within the North East of England. A total of 2345 people returned completed questionnaires, which represented all socioeconomic groups. The bivariate results revealed that job satisfaction is significantly greater among the higher socioeconomic groups, but no differences were found in mental and physical (psychosomatic) health among the various socioeconomic groups. The results from a multiple regression analysis provided evidence that the issue of “control” is significant in predicting greater job satisfaction among all social classes, but not for mental or physical well being.

Keywords: job satisfaction; locus of control; mental health; occupational stress; physical health; social classes

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Deree College, The American University of Greece, Athens, Greece 2: Manchester School of Management, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, Manchester, UK

Publication date: October 1, 1998

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