Simultaneous Measurements of Thermal, Electrical, and Acoustic Properties of BaTiO3 – New Feature of 403 K Phase Transition
Authors: Kojima, A.; Sasou, H.; Tozaki, K.; Okazaki, T.; Yoshimura, Y.; Tokunaga, N.; Iwasaki, H.
Source: International Journal of Thermophysics, Volume 26, Number 6, November 2005 , pp. 1963-1972(10)
Abstract:In order to obtain useful information on the transient process of phase transitions in ferroelectrics by various methods including calorimetry, the “mK-stabilized cell” of a small size has been developed. It is based on the heat flux differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and has a temperature stability better than 1 mK. The “cell” can be used to change the temperature under nearly quasi-static conditions by an infinitesimally small rate not only on heating but also on cooling while passing through the transition points. It enables simultaneous measurements of endothermic heat and exothermic heat along with dielectric constants, displacement currents, etc. with a high degree of temperature resolution. X-ray diffraction measurements for sensing thermal anomalies are also possible by a minor modification of the “cell.” Precise and simultaneous measurements of thermal, electrical, and acoustic properties were carried out at the 403 K phase transition in BaTiO3 single crystal grown by the top-seeded solution growth method. It has been clarified that the exothermic heat at the transition on cooling has more useful information than the endothermic heat on heating; in the cooling process two thermal anomalies occur separately at T1 and T2 although the transition is in a narrow temperature range. It is recognized from other methods that the nature of the transition on cooling is not of a single but of multiple steps. Resonant ultrasonic measurements using the “cell” were carried out, after developing a new excitation method. The sample does not have a simple softening approaching the transition point on cooling but has different elastic moduli for the two thermal anomalies at T1 and T2. The dielectric constant also has an intermediate constant value between T1 and T2. The crystal structure in the room temperature phase below the transition point has been determined by X-ray diffraction. In this region, tetragonal and monoclinic structures coordinating with each other exist.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: November 2005