Postconflict Behavior of Spectacled Leaf Monkeys (Trachypithecus obscurus). II. Contact with Third Parties
Source: International Journal of Primatology, Volume 22, Number 2, April 2001 , pp. 267-286(20)
Abstract:We studied the postconflict interactions with group members other than the former opponent in two groups of spectacled leaf monkeys. We found no evidence of redirection of aggression towards other group members. Victims and aggressors sought affiliative contacts with uninvolved third parties. There was no evidence for consolation—affiliative contact initiated by an uninvolved third party, directed towards victims of aggression—in either group when all affiliative behaviors were considered. However, embracing was a characteristic first-contact interaction between individuals involved in aggression and third parties. This finding mirrors the results concerning reconciliation in spectacled leaf monkeys. Accordingly, embracing may be a true consolatory behavior in this species. When contacts with third parties occurred before or in the absence of reconciliation, the timing of such contacts fell within the time window during which reconciliation normally occurs. These contacts also resulted in affiliation levels twice that of baseline levels, supporting the idea that these contacts may function as a form of substitute reconciliation. We discuss these results in light of recent theories concerning postconflict behavior in primates.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St. Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JU, Scotland; email@example.com 2: Department of Anthropology, University of Durham, 43, Old Elvet, Durham DH1 3HN, UK
Publication date: 2001-04-01