Monolithic Uncooled 8 × 8 Bolometer Arrays Based on Poly-SiGe Thermistor

Authors: Yue, Ruifeng; Dong, Liang; Liu, Litian

Source: International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Volume 27, Number 7, July 2006 , pp. 995-1003(9)

Publisher: Springer

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This paper presents a monolithic uncooled 8 × 8 bolometer array with polycrystalline silicon-germanium (poly-SiGe) thermistors as active elements. The poly-SiGe films are deposited by ultrahigh vacuum vapor deposition (UHV/CVD) system and the dependence of the temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) on annealing temperature has been investigated. To decrease the thermal conductance of the bolometer, the poly-SiGe thermistor was formed on a four leg suspended microbridge. The improved porous silicon micromachining techniques described here enable the integration of the bolometer array with the MOS readout circuitry. The measurements and calculations show that the mean responsivity is 1.07 × 104 V/W with an uncorrected uniformity of 10.5% and a thermal response time of 10.5 ms, and the detectivity of 3.75 × 108 cm Hz1/2/W is achieved at a chopping frequency of 30 Hz and a bias voltage of 5 V.

Keywords: Bolometer; Integration approach; Poly-SiGe; Porous silicon micromachining

Document Type: Research Article


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Publication date: July 1, 2006

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