The Tricritical Point
Author: Novikov, I.I.
Source: High Temperature, Volume 40, Number 3, May 2002 , pp. 352-358(7)
Abstract:Analysis of critical phenomena in bodies with the tricritical point, based on the Gibbs equations for the critical state, is performed. The generalized Gibbs equations allow for the difference in the symmetry of the phases, which is characteristic of bodies with the tricritical point. Successive analysis enables one to clarify all characteristics of the critical state of the class of bodies being treated, whose singularity is that their phase diagram contains regions of phase transitions of both the first and second kind, and to establish the regularity of variation of the properties in the vicinity of the tricritical point. In particular, it is demonstrated that the specific heat C_V goes to infinity at the tricritical point following the logarithmic law (along the critical isochore), and the sound velocity vanishes. In the regions of phase transitions of the second kind, the specific heat C_p reaches an infinitely high value at the transition point T_s at p = const also following the logarithmic law. The line of phase equilibrium is a cubic parabola. In the critical state, the second variation of the internal energy _2E(S, V) is zero; and, in the vicinity of the line of phase transitions of the second kind, it varies as (T – T_c)^2. In the critical state, the heat conductivity goes to infinity, etc.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Baikov Institute of Metallurgy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 117334 Russia
Publication date: May 1, 2002