Genetic spatial clustering: significant implications for conservation of wild soybean (Glycine soja: Fabaceae)

Authors: Jin, Yan; He, Tianhua; Lu, Bao-Rong

Source: Genetica, Volume 128, Numbers 1-3, September 2006 , pp. 41-49(9)

Publisher: Springer

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Knowledge of spatial patterns of genetic variation within populations of wild relative species has significant implications with respect to sampling strategies for ex situ and in situ conservation. To study spatial genetic structure of wild soybean (Glycine soja Sieb. et Zucc.) at the fine scale, three natural populations in northern China were analyzed using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) fingerprints for estimating kinship coefficients. A regression analysis of kinship coefficients against spatial distances revealed that individuals occurring close together tended to be more genetically related. The Sp statistic further indicated a comparable spatial pattern among the three wild soybean populations with similar Sp values (mean = 0.0734, varied from 0.0645 to 0.0943) detected across the three populations. Genetic patches were on average ca. 20 m in size, and the effective neighborhood sizes varied between 10 and 15 m. The spatial genetic structure evident in the wild soybean populations may be attributed to the restricted seed dispersal and predominant inbreeding mating system of this species. The detection of family structure in the populations of wild soybean has a significant implication for the effective conservation of the important genetic resources.

Keywords: Glycine soja; ISSR; Sp statistic; conservation; genetic structure; kinship coefficient; wild soybean

Document Type: Research Article


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Publication date: September 1, 2006

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