Adaptation of wheat rusts to the wheat cultivars in former Czechoslovakia
Authors: Bartous P.; Stuchlíková E.; Hanuová R.
Source: Euphytica, Volume 92, Numbers 1-2, 1996 , pp. 95-103(9)
In former Czechoslovakia virulence of rusts attacking wheat was studied since the sixties. Since the same time genes for resistance in the registered cultivars were identified. The role of Berberis and Thalictrum as alternate hosts for stem rust and leaf rust, respectively, was investigated as well. Determined changes of virulence in rust populations could only partially be ascribed to changes of resistance genes in the grown cultivars. Unnecessary genes for virulence had no negative effect on the fitness of the pathogen. All tested samples of aeciospores from barberries attacked rye, not wheat. None of Thalictrum species occurring in the Czech and Slovak Republics was found to host wheat leaf rust. However, the sexual stage of wheat stem rust and wheat leaf rust could be induced on Berberis vulgaris and Thalictrum speciosissimum, respectively. General epidemiological conclusions are drawn from the results and experience of the last 35 years.
Document Type: Regular paper
Affiliations: 1: Research Institute of Crop Production, 161 06 Praha-Ruzyn, Czech Republic, Czech Republic">
Publication date: 1996-01-01