Prehaustorial Resistance against Alfalfa Rust (Uromyces striatus) in Medicago truncatula
Source: European Journal of Plant Pathology, Volume 110, Number 3, March 2004 , pp. 239-243(5)
Abstract:The legume species Medicago truncatula is gaining interests as a plant for structural and functional genomics that can be used to identify agronomically important genes in crop legumes. Resistance to the alfalfa rust (Uromyces striatus) was studied in a germplasm collection of M. truncatula. Accessions varied in resistance, as expressed by disease severity, but none showed macroscopically visible necrosis. Histological investigations, in selected lines covering the whole range of resistance reactions, revealed little difference in spore germination and none in orientation of germtubes on the leaf surface. However, appressorium formation on the stoma was significantly reduced in some accessions. Differences in resistance among accessions were more evident once the stoma were penetrated by the infection structures. Resistance was mainly due to a restriction of haustorium formation with varying levels of early abortion of the colonies, a reduction in the number of haustoria per colony, and hampered colony growth. In addition, necrosis of the host cells associated with infection hyphae was detectable in some accessions from the beginning of colony development. This information will be useful for eventual mapping and cloning analyses of resistance genes in M. truncatula that will in turn be useful for understanding other legume/rust interactions.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Institute of Sustainable Agriculture, CSIC, Apdo. 4084, E-14080 Córdoba, Spain ), Fax: 34957499252, Email: email@example.com 2: Institute of Sustainable Agriculture, CSIC, Apdo. 4084, E-14080 Córdoba, Spain
Publication date: 2004-03-01