Risky business: A risk-based methodology to measure organized crime: Special Issue: Evidence-Based Approaches to Regulating “Organized Crime” (Guest Editor: Michael Levi)
Author: Beken, Tom Vander
Source: Crime, Law and Social Change, Volume 41, Number 5, June 2004 , pp. 471-516(46)
Abstract:This paper describes the result of two studies on the development of a methodology to measure organized crime. The purpose of these studies, tasked by the Belgian Federal Police and Minister for Justice, was to provide a concrete and knowledge-based framework for the drafting of annual reports on organized crime that can give better answers to questions like ‘Is there much organized crime? Is the situation serious? Is it bad that there are more criminal groups now than in the past? Which criminal groups are the most dangerous?’. Two features provide a common thread that binds the methodology: the operating principle of the spectrum of enterprise and the application of a risk-based methodological process to the overall framework. The starting hypothesis is that organized crime is entrepreneurial in nature and that the dynamics of the market space provide the main environment and explanation for organized crime. The application of a risk-based methodology is founded on the recognition that the analysis of organized crime will always depend on imperfect information and resource limitations. Furthermore, the utility of a risk-based approach is seen in the provision of findings that are transparently arrived at with a clearly established framework for prioritization of decision-makers. The proposed methodology consists of three parts: environmental scanning, analysis of organizations and counter strategies and licit and illicit sector analysis.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP), Ghent University, Belgium., Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: June 1, 2004