Operational Architectonics of the Human Brain Biopotential Field: Towards Solving the Mind-Brain Problem
Authors: Fingelkurts, A.A.; Fingelkurts, A.A.
Source: Brain and Mind, Volume 2, Number 3, December 2001 , pp. 261-296(36)
Abstract:The understanding of the interrelationship between brain and mind remains far from clear. It is well established that the brain's capacity to integrate information from numerous sources forms the basis for cognitive abilities. However, the core unresolved question is how information about the ``objective'' physical entities of the external world can be integrated, and how unified and coherent mental states (or Gestalts) can be established in the internal entities of distributed neuronal systems. The present paper offers a unified methodological and conceptual basis for a possible mechanism of how the transient synchronization of brain operations may construct the unified and relatively stable neural states, which underlie mental states. It was shown that the sequence of metastable spatial EEG mosaics does exist and probably reflects the rapid stabilization periods of the interrelation of large neuron systems. At the EEG level this is reflected in the stabilization of quasi-stationary segments on corresponding channels. Within the introduced framework, physical brain processes and psychological processes are considered as two basic aspects of a single whole informational brain state. The relations between operational process of the brain, mental states and consciousness are discussed.
Keywords: EEG microstructure; adaptive segmentation; binding problem; coherence; functional integration; metastability; neocortical dynamics; nonstationarity; operational synchronization; spatial scale
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Research Group of Cognitive Science and Technology, Laboratory of Computational Engineering, Helsinki University of Technology, 02015 HUT, Finland; Human Brain Research Group, Human Physiology Department, Moscow State University, 119899 Moscow, Ru
Publication date: 2001-12-01