Test Of Turbulence Models For Wind Flow Over Terrain With Separation And Recirculation
Source: Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Volume 94, Number 1, January 2000 , pp. 5-21(17)
Abstract:Several two-equation turbulence models using isotropic eddy viscosity and wall functions are assessed by solution of the neutral atmospheric boundary layer over a flat surface and wind flow over two- and three-dimensional models and real terrain. Calculations are presented for wind flow over the Sirhowy Valley in Wales, an embankment along the Rhine in Germany and the Askervein Hill in Scotland. Comparisons of predictions with previous work, and laboratory and field data, show that the RNG-based k– model gives the best agreement with respect to the flow profiles and length of the separated flow region. The results of this model are analyzed with a non-linear stress-strain relation to gauge the potential effect of turbulence anisotropy.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Publication date: January 1, 2000