On curl-preserving finite volume discretizations for shallow water equations
Source: Bit Numerical Mathematics, Volume 46, Supplement 1, November 2006 , pp. 35-53(19)
Abstract:The preservation of intrinsic or inherent constraints, like divergence-conditions, has gained increasing interest in numerical simulations of various physical evolution equations. In Torrilhon and Fey, SIAM J. Numer. Anal. (42/4) 2004, a general framework is presented how to incorporate the preservation of a discrete constraint into upwind finite volume methods. This paper applies this framework to the wave equation system and the system of shallow water equations. For the wave equation a curl-preservation for the momentum variable is present and easily identified. The preservation in case of the shallow water system is more involved due to the presence of convection. It leads to the vorticity evolution as generalized curl-constraint. The mechanisms of vorticity generation are discussed.
For the numerical discretization special curl-preserving flux distributions are discussed and their incorporation into a finite volume scheme described. This leads to numerical discretizations which are exactly curl-preserving for a specific class of discrete curl-operators.
The numerical experiments for the wave equation show a significant improvement of the new method against classical schemes. The extension of the curl-free numerical discretization to the shallow water case is possible after isolating the pressure flux. Simulation examples demonstrate the influence of the modification. The vortex structure is more clearly resolved.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2006-11-01