Fluoride-induced alteration of carbon and nitrogen metabolism in developing wheat grains
Authors: Asthir, B.; Basra, A.S.; Batta, S.K.
Source: Biologia Plantarum, Volume 41, Number 2, March 1998 , pp. 287-292(6)
Abstract:Effect of fluoride (10 and 50 mM) on the activities of sucrose metabolizing enzymes, alkaline inorganic pyrophosphatase, and transaminases in relation to the accumulation of free sugars, starch, and soluble protein was studied in detached ears of wheat cultured in a liquid medium. Culturing for 5 d in the presence of fluoride reduced the amount of grain starch whereas contents of total free sugars, particularly sucrose, and soluble protein increased. Fluoride inhibited the activities of soluble acid and neutral invertases, as well as sucrose synthase acting in the cleavage direction. Uptake of uniformly labelled 14C-sucrose or fructose was also drastically reduced by fluoride. Glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT) and glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (GPT) activities also increased with fluoride addition in correspondence with an increase in soluble protein. Apparently, the wheat grain responds to fluoride-mediated disruption of carbon metabolism by a compensatory effect on nitrogen metabolism.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1998