Extinction of Fen and Bog Plants and their Habitats in Croatia
Authors: Topić, Jasenka; Stančić, Zvjezdana
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 15, Number 11, October 2006 , pp. 3371-3381(11)
Abstract:Although the fens and bogs of Croatia have already been acknowledged as the nation's most endangered habitats by Croatia's National Strategy on Biodiversity Protection, the situation continues to become worse rather than better. Fens and bogs are still rapidly deteriorating and even disappearing. A primary factor appears to be changes in climate since original formation of these peatlands, particularly in recent times. This results in progressive changes in vegetation and finally overgrowth of these habitats by forest vegetation. In many cases human activities, whether directly or indirectly, intentionally or unintentionally, have also led to destruction of such habitats. Looking at all mire types as a whole, acidophilous mires are now nearly extinct in Croatia. Basophilous fens are endangered but not critically so. This is because alkaline waters and associated mineral deposits are relatively widespread through Croatia. Some species have already disappeared from the Croatian flora. The status of other mire plant species is doubtful because there are no records for them in recent decades, while it seems very likely that some of the known surviving species could be lost from Croatia in the near future.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2006-10-01