Spatial Distribution of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and Moths (Lepidoptera) in the Mrtvý Luh Bog, Šumava Mts (Central Europe): A Test of Habitat Island Community
Authors: Bezděk, Aleš; Jaroš, Josef; Spitzer, Karel
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 15, Number 1, January 2006 , pp. 395-409(15)
Abstract:Spatial distribution of ground beetles and moths in the isolated Central European Mrtvý luh bog was analyzed. The most stenotopic tyrphobiontic species (relicts restricted to the peat bog) of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and moths (Lepidoptera) are distributed according to a distinct ecological gradient between the bog margin (lagg) and the bog centre. The degree of habitat preference between the bog margin and centre is taxonomically specific and significant. A list of stenotopic species of high conservation value is given. Several tyrphobiontic species occur in the treeless bog centre only. The tyrphophilous and tyrphoneutral species are distributed in the peat bog mostly randomly, some of such species prefer bog margins. The migratory highly opportunistic moths from habitats outside the bog usually cross the treeless centre. Most of the ubiquitous tyrphoneutral and migratory moths represent the faunal component, which is a very temporary phenomenon only, not associated with the peat bog permanently. The conservation of insect biodiversity associated with isolated peat bogs depends on complete preservation of the edaphic ecological conditions of the fragile paleorefugial habitat island and its spatial structure.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2006-01-01