Presence and Abundance of Birds in an Atlantic Forest Reserve and Adjacent Plantation of Shade-Grown Yerba Mate, in Paraguay
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 14, Number 13, December 2005 , pp. 3265-3288(24)
Abstract:In the Atlantic forest region, there is a need to develop economic activities that can be carried out in buffer zones around parks, with minimal impact on forest bird species. One such possibility is the farming of yerba mate, Ilex paraguariensis, under native trees. We compared bird species9 presence and abundance between a forest reserve and an adjacent plantation of shade-grown yerba mate, to determine which species might use such plantations. Of the 145 species that were regularly recorded in the forest, 66%, including five globally threatened species, were also regularly recorded in the plantation. Most canopy species and tree trunk insectivores showed similar abundance in both habitats, but forest floor and understory species were absent from the plantation. Within the plantation, higher tree density did not lead to a greater abundance of forest birds. Yerba mate grown under native trees could be used to rehabilitate cleared land and allow recolonization by some Atlantic forest bird species.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, B3H 4J1, Nova Scotia, Canada, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, B3H 4J1, Nova Scotia, Canada, 3: Guyra Paraguay, Comandante Rafael Franco 381 c/ Leandro Prieto, Asunción, Paraguay,
Publication date: 2005-12-01