Patterns of Allozyme Variation at Two Stages of the Life History in Wild Rice Oryza rufipogon and Conservation Genetic Implications

Authors: Gao, L.1; Hong, D.2; Ge, S.2

Source: Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 14, Number 12, November 2005 , pp. 2821-2834(14)

Publisher: Springer

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Abstract:

Oryza rufipogon Griff. occurs widely in aquatic ecosystem of tropics and subtropics of monsoon Asia as well as Southern China. It is a vital gene source for rice breeding programs. Many populations of the species, unfortunately, have drastically diminished because of the disappearance of aquatic habitats as a result of human disturbance. In order to determine patterns of genetic variation at two stages of the life-cycle in the wild rice species, we investigated allozyme variation of four natural populations in China. Two southern populations have significant asexual reproduction while two other northern marginal populations show a mixed reproduction in China. At 22 allozyme loci, a significantly lower genetic diversity was observed in the ratoons than in the seeds of the two southern populations, whereas a significantly higher genetic diversity was found in the ratoons than in the seeds of the two northern marginal populations. The results suggest that the variation of reproductive system is probably associated with their patterns of genetic variation in the species. Moreover, a significantly higher genetic differentiation among populations found in the ratoons than in the seeds may stem from pollen-mediated gene flow among them. Finally, we propose suggestions for conservation management of the endangered species.

Keywords: Allozyme analysis; Conservation implications; Genetic diversity; Life history; Oryza rufipogon Griff; Population genetic structure

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-004-0218-x

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China, Email: LZGao@sph.uth.tmc.edu 2: Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China,

Publication date: November 1, 2005

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