Breeding waterbirds in relation to artificial pond attributes: implications for the design of irrigation facilities
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 14, Number 7, June 2005 , pp. 1627-1639(13)
Abstract:The growth of inter-basin water transfers and the development of new irrigation facilities in southeastern Spain are responsible for a variety of ecological impacts. In spite of this, the construction of artificial ponds to keep water for intensive agriculture may also provide new habitats for breeding waterbirds. We counted waterbirds during the breeding season in artificial ponds that had been built up using different materials and measured their abiotic and biotic attributes. We found that ponds were used as breeding and foraging habitat by 22 different waterbird species and breeding numbers of a few of them seemed to be larger in these artificial facilities than in nearby natural and semi-natural wetlands. Abundance and richness of breeding waterbirds was influenced by construction materials. Ponds constructed with low density polyethylene and covered with sand and stones held more species and their numbers were higher than those constructed with other plastic materials. The presence of emergent and submerged vegetation as well as abiotic attributes, such as pond size, accounted for most of the deviance when modelling richness and species abundance.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Area de Ecología, Departamento de Biología Aplicada, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche, Ctra. Beniel, km 3,2, E-03312, Alicante, Orihuela, Spain, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Area de Ecología, Departamento de Biología Aplicada, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche, Ctra. Beniel, km 3,2, E-03312, Alicante, Orihuela, Spain,
Publication date: June 1, 2005