Searching for biodiversity indicators in running waters: do bryophytes, macroinvertebrates, and fish show congruent diversity patterns?
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 14, Number 2, February 2005 , pp. 415-428(14)
Abstract:The degree to which different taxonomic groups show congruence in diversity patterns has attracted increased attention, yet such studies on stream biota are lacking. We examined environmental correlates of and congruence in the species richness patterns of bryophytes, macroinvertebrates, and fish in 101 boreal streams in Finland. Congruence in species richness among the taxonomic groups was generally low, mainly because of their differing responses to major environmental gradients. Bryophytes and macroinvertebrates showed the strongest degree of congruence, but even this relationship had a relatively weak predictive power. Bryophyte diversity showed the strongest relationship with water colour, followed by habitat stability, and stream size. Macroinvertebrate diversity increased with stream size, and further variation was accounted for by water colour and acidity. Fish species richness showed a weak and complex relationship with geographical location, stream size, and in-stream habitat characteristics. The regression models explained 23, 45, and 26% of the variation in species richness of bryophytes, macroinvertebrates, and fish, respectively. Our results suggest that indicator taxa may be of limited value in stream biodiversity inventories. Habitat-based approaches are suggested as an alternative surrogate measure in the conservation evaluation of lotic biodiversity.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40014 University of Jyväskylä, Finland, 2: Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G5, 3: Department of Biology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FIN-90014, Oulu, Finland, 4: Department of Biology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FIN-90014, Oulu, Finland, Email: email@example.com
Publication date: February 1, 2005